Valentinian I was born in 321 in Pannonia (Croatia) as the son of Gratianus Major (a commander during the reign of Constantine I and Constanus I). Valentinian I joined the army in late 330’s and soon gained the position of protecor domesticus. After the death of Julian the army declared Jovian emperor. During the Jovian reign Valteninian I was declared tribune of a Scutarii (elite Infantry). Jovian’s rule lasted only 8 months – dying, or having been killed while traveling between Ancyra and Nicea. After some debate, Valentinian was declared emperor in February of 364. Valentinian I was known have a violent temper and looked with disfavor on the wealthy and well born, He was also known to be an able soldier and military commander as well as a conscientious domestic administrator that took an active interest in the welfare of the common man. Unfortunately his good intentions were often frustrated by a bad choice of ministers, and an obstinate belief in their merits despite all evidence to the contrary. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica 1911, he was a founder of schools, and provided medical attendance for the poor of Rome, by appointing a physician for each of the fourteen districts of the city. He died at the age of 54 from a burst blood vessel in his head brought on by one of his rages against the attitude of a group of envoys from Quadi.