Alexander the Great or Alexander III is perhaps one of the most famous men of antiquity. Alexander the Great was born Macedonian royalty to King Philip II (382 – 336 BC) and Queen Olympias (375 – 316 BC). Both parents saw to his education by such teachers as Leonidas, a relative of Queen Olympias, Lysimachus, Alexander’s favorite, and the famous philosopher and scientist Aristotle. He studied under Aristotle for three years in the remote village of Mieza. His education ended in 340 BC. He began is military career as early as 16 when his father left him as acting king while away on military campaign. In a years time he led his first military effort against a rival tribe and led cavalry in cooperation with his father against the city states of Athens and Thebes. He became King in summer of 336 BC when is father was assassinated at his sisters wedding by Pausanias. His genius and charisma led the Macedonian army across three continents, creating an empire that covered most of the then known world, from Greece to India. He was regarded by many in the lands he conquered as a god. The fame of Alexander the Great grew even greater after his premature death at about the age of 33. His reign marks the beginning of the Hellenistic Age, a time when almost every aspect of human civilization flourished. The coinage of Alexander the Great is highly complex, struck in over 100 cities on three continents and covering more than 250 years. The standard coinage of the time were the silver tetradrachms depicting Heracles, the ancient world’s mythic hero, and Zeus, king of the Olympian gods, and the gold staters depicting Athena, goddess of wisdom and warfare, and Nike, goddess of victory. Other denominations in silver and gold were also struck, along with several different bronze types and denominations.